Sep 18, 2008

Santhal Tribes of India

Santhal Tribe- An Introduction
A step forward, in our Indian tribal tour takes us to Santhal tribe. With a population of more than 49000, Santhal tribes are the third largest tribes in India. Belonging to pre Aryan period, these tribes of India are found in regions of West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa and Jharkhand. Many call them as “ the tribes
at extreme”, a visit to their place will surly get your moneys worth.

Santhal tribe- History
Santhal Tribes of India take pride in their past. Historically, these Indian tribes were at front end against
Britishers, and their heroics against Lord Cornwallis are well known. Many famous personalities such
as Sidhu and Baba Tilka Majhi were part of these enthusiastic tribes of India.

Santhal tribe- Language

Santhali is the prime language spoken by the Santhal Tribe. This Indian tribe also have a script of their own called Olchiki. Apart from Santhali they also speak Bengali, Oriya and Hindi.

Santhal tribe- Livelihood

The Santhal tribes of India have a typical tribal lifestyle. Basic needs are fulfilled by forest tress and plants. The tribes are also engaged in fishing and cultivation. These tribes of India also poses a magnificent skill of making musical equipments, mats and baskets out of the plants. The way this articulate process is carried out is worth wathing.

Santhal tribe- Culture

Dancing and music are the streamline of these Indian tribes. Santhal women dress in the red bordered white sari and dance in the line sequence. These tribes in India play mind soothing music with instruments like Tirio, Dhodro banam, Phet banam, Tumdak, Tamak, Junko and Singa.

Santhal tribe- Religion
Ironically, Santhals don't have a temple of their own and neither do they worship any idols. These tribes of India follow the Sarna religion, with Marangburu, Jaheraera, and Manjhi as their god and goddess.
Santhals pay respect to the ghosts and spirits like Kal Sing, Lakchera, Beudarang etc. Animal sacrifices in order to appease the Gods is a common practice amongst these energetic tribes of India.

Santhal tribe- Festivals
Karam festival which falls in the month of September and October, is the highlight festival followed by tedany visitor trevelling to these tribes in India. Other festivals of the celebrated include Maghe, Baba Bonga, Sahrai, Ero, Asaria and Namah. They also celebrate haunting festival called Disum sendra on the eve of Baishakhi Purnima.


Santosh Kumar July 11, 2011 at 10:18 PM  

The photo you showing is not a phot of Santhal tribe please be factual.

Anonymous,  July 19, 2011 at 10:53 AM  

very crisp information

Anonymous,  August 16, 2011 at 6:50 AM  

no conclusion is there

retyler August 19, 2011 at 8:47 AM  

idiot photo to sahi daal

Ramtanu Brahma.. August 19, 2011 at 11:07 PM  

The photo you displayed on the page is not Santhali, it looks like Reang Community from Tripura, pls. be factual, since its related to a ethnic community, because you are not displaying any temporary electronic item in the market...

HANSDA DILIP October 23, 2011 at 1:44 AM  
This comment has been removed by the author.
muniram,  November 19, 2011 at 4:19 AM  

photo is not factual as well as there are many mistakes in names of the festivals.

ram,  November 26, 2011 at 9:29 AM  

photos shown in the article are not of santhal tribe.

Anonymous,  December 27, 2011 at 5:10 AM  

Regarding Santhal's Religio:
Sarna is not Santhals religion at all.Some educated those taught in different Indian philosophy particularly those influence by ORAON and MUNDARIs may have been trying to get the Sarna as the Religion of Santhals. But the majority of Santhals in India practice the same culture,Religious and Rituals in the name of 'SARI-Dharam.Santhals of Orissa(a Segment), Jharkhand( of Singhbhum areas)mainly call their Religion 'Sarna' to be a part of Mundari and of Oraons religion.Although they all practice every rituals,etc. following the oldest religion the 'SARI-Dharam'Please correct.

Anonymous,  January 6, 2012 at 5:41 AM  

49000?wat a joke...sir population of santhals runs in millions and they are the largest tribe of india

Anonymous,  January 7, 2012 at 9:13 AM  

u shud put more information on santhal tribes' lives and their culture and traditions. pls . elaborate its a request and provide us more pictures on their food or anything else.

Anonymous,  May 12, 2012 at 2:56 AM  

thkx with the help of this i have done my project

Anonymous,  June 5, 2012 at 2:38 AM  

tanxxxxxxx it gave me the whole info for ma project !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1

Anonymous,  July 9, 2012 at 7:57 AM  

thnx for d info helped a lot for my project

Aayush Raj July 15, 2012 at 1:55 AM  

This information help me a lot for my Social Science project. Thank You very much!!

Hritwik Mukherjee June 7, 2013 at 9:36 PM  


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