Jun 8, 2009

Oraon Tribes in India

Tribals in India constitute around eight per cent of the total population. Oraon is one of the tribal communities found in India, which mainly depends on agriculture for earning their living. They are also known as Kurukh tribes. These tribes are mainly found in the states of Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Orissa. In the ancient days, Oraons used to make their living by chopping timber and selling forest products. Majority of the population of Oraons can be found in Northeastern states engaged in the occupation of tea cultivation.

Oraons are considered to have the second largest population of tribes in Bihar and Jharkhand. Efficient, particularly in tea garden works, Oraons are believed to have settled in the Chotanagpur Plateau centuries ago. Oraons speak Kurukh language related to Dravidian family. Majority of the Oraon tribes are Hindus and are religious minded people. They worship Gods and Goddesses but a great number of these tribes have adopted Christianity. In the ancient days, this community used to follow Sarna religion.

Oraons are further divided into sub-castes like Kudas and Kisans, who follow Patrilineal family customs. There are a total of 14 clans in Oraon tribal community like, Gari, Lakra, Kispotta, Runda, Tirky, Toppo, Linda, Ekka, Kuzur, Bek, Kerketta, Bandi, Minz and Khalkho. This tribal community in India is also known world wide as they still believe in following age old custom of human sacrifice. These sacrifices are carried out during the famous Sarhul festival celebrated before cultivation of crops, as a mark of respect to please the local deity.

Festivals have been a part of life for tribals since ancient time. Sarhul and Karma are the two main important festivals of these tribals. They are also very fond of music and dance. Karma, Jadur, Dassai and Kagha Parva are their most favorite dances. Traditional instruments like Nagara, Kartal and Mandar are still used by these people.


Mithi June 17, 2009 at 5:26 AM  

Hi !

Its really one of the most informative blogs I have ever visited. After visiting the site now I got to know that there are so many tribes in India.

Its amazing.

Amul - Stela February 1, 2010 at 4:22 AM  

i have correction regaring photo... i have never seen oraon dance like this...its a dance from moriya janjati (tribe) of baster dist.(CG).
i know it because i m from oraon tribe.
it would be appriciatable if you correct it..


Stela Lakra

Anonymous,  March 2, 2010 at 6:35 PM  

i appreciate your work on the information you are providing on the oraon tribe but the picture is not at all from the oraon tribe so kindly if you can change it....

ally May 8, 2010 at 10:51 PM  

its really lovly to know more about oraon

deepal,  June 3, 2010 at 2:10 AM  

Its really wonderful article to explore about the oroan tribe,their society,culture,life style,its really a nice attempt...
but im 101 percent agreed with stella's post regarding the correction..as i myself belong to the oraons...
Its a genuine request to replace the snap as soon as possible...

Anonymous,  July 12, 2010 at 7:57 AM  

i surely agree with stela and deepal about the photo,as i am an oraon too...and alot indulged in my own tribal dance, so that dance pic is not ours. And u have spelled 'KUJUR' wrongly as 'kuzur'. So please revise this page with necessary corrections.


Abhishek Kujur

Anonymous,  October 1, 2010 at 2:42 AM  

can anybody help me to know the serial no. of "ORAON" (sub-caste of schedule tribe)in central govt. list

Anonymous,  December 11, 2010 at 8:52 PM  

To whom it may refer.
Today most of the Hindus and hindu political parties have the tendency to include Uraons to Hinduism.
But Uraons are not Hindus and can not be Hindus.They are animists. They believe only only in One God. They do not worship Goddesses. They offer sacrifices to the spirits of their ancestore.

Anonymous,  February 27, 2011 at 8:02 PM  

to whom so ever may concern
Oroans are the Animists and the Hindus, so please write them Animist instead of Hindua. because, you yourself have mentioned Sarna.

Vincent March 31, 2011 at 11:46 AM  

the site is very educative. Pliz give more information regarding the dance, songs and rituals of oraon. thanks

sunny oraon,  July 7, 2011 at 2:37 PM  

they dont belive in human sacrifice nor it is done.

Anonymous,  July 9, 2011 at 12:07 AM  

Information is good but the photo doesn't relate to the ORAOn Tribes..........

sheezan bhat July 10, 2011 at 7:02 AM  

i m surprizd tht 80% of our pop.is tribals.....govt have to tk imprtnt steps fr thr upliftment...............

bashil ekka,  August 8, 2011 at 3:22 AM  

i totally agree with sunny. christian uraon dont practice human sacrifice nor our religion permits it.our people respect each individual whatever be their religion, they hold human values in great regard.
in fact uraon people are very down to earth, they are jovial people

Anonymous,  August 15, 2011 at 7:28 AM  

i like the tribe oraon

Anonymous,  September 4, 2011 at 6:02 AM  

I would like to add a suggestion that the tribes has their independent religion it is not associated with Hindusium.As Anthropolozist has define a tribe is a set of people following a definite set of tradition and culture , People shall not be misguided that the tribes in India are a part of Hindusium,each tribe in India follow their different culture and tradition.Some Indian Antropolozist has wrongly claimed that some tribe are a part of Hindusium,Yes it is true that now some tribes due to deculturisation has adopted other relegious tradition of Hindu's,Christanity,etc.

Anonymous,  October 27, 2011 at 12:55 AM  

The Information furnished and collection are appreciable.But there are some main collections are not true.The Dance Picture does not possess of Oraon Tribe. Oraon tribes are not Hindus.They believe one God .They are from the begining the worshiper of Sarna .They believe one God (dharmesh) means Abba. Later they adopted Hinduism and Christianity.
They are not Human Sacrificer.I myself belong to Oraon Tribe. Some Correction needed .Insdead of Khalkho you mention Xalxo.
Please Coreect the passage and mention the correct information Since this goes to worldwide information.Do give the wrong information.

Anthres Xalxo

Anonymous,  October 27, 2011 at 1:03 AM  

Please do not give wrong information and collection.The information and collection go to worldwide information .Please collect the information from the right person and give information to the world.

Anthres Xalxo

Anonymous,  February 21, 2012 at 6:57 AM  

I liked that even now, many of us(Oraons) sill know and are educated about our community, after i read these comments, and i will like you to kindly share some information with me,,. I have always wanted to. Please do leave any of your contact, so that i can contact you,,(e-mail, or facebook id), please



Metal Head April 18, 2012 at 7:15 AM  

Dude where the hell are Barla`s?? I dont see u mentioning themin your post, be accurate and also u made a spelling mistake..!! It`s TIRKEY and not tirky..

Anshu Oraon,  April 27, 2012 at 3:25 AM  

The administrators of this website are not sincere at all,there are points which i completely find offending...forgot to mention many things but that's not point (as i am kachhap) we still follow sarna and and we are now struggling to get "sarna" enlisted as a religion ,but whats that "known world wide for human sacrifice?" its stereotyping,oraons don't do that kindly visit Ranchi during sarhul its sad ,,,and many hindus (non tribals) make human sacrifices ,you can find that on news(for several reasons under the influence of tantriks or whatever),so why dont you refer them as "that"....its offending and misleading please try to rectify

Anonymous,  August 10, 2012 at 1:40 AM  

administrators of this website, please do edit your content or delete the blog. its offensive.


emerson lakra,  October 17, 2012 at 1:29 AM  

this kind of half(miss) informations, are really harmful for us, in the location of oraon(kurukh) the Blogger missed chattisgarh where oraon are facing the displacement problem, and because of the religion, the oraon who accepted the Christianity and Hinduism, are not added as the tribal in census, which cause 0 population had shown in some areas of chattisgarh, directly a open invitation for mining giants to takeover our lands.
there are so many sites has very wrong infoormations about oraon tribe. please make good study before posting because somewhere it is affecting our life.

Deepak Lakra,  December 18, 2012 at 8:14 AM  

We thanks that at least we have not been ignored,as the administrator of this site have published ,related the oraons have contained very less information about us,as well some misinformation have been published in concern with our worship & culture.You are requested to come once in Ranchi in occasion of Karma & Sarhul .You will really find some more & correct information about us.The photo shown in this site is note of us.Our culture,wearings & dance are different.Please reveal our correct tradition & culture. For needful correction you will be appreciated.

Cornel Kujur January 27, 2013 at 11:11 AM  

Thanks for the publication, but the human sacrifice is not acceptable as oraons are mainly dependent on forest of one hand and on other it's said of human sacrifice on sarhul festival, doesn't seem well and must be corrected.

Cornelius Kujur

jyoti b Kujur September 4, 2013 at 6:26 AM  

i agree wid ur pt regarding oraon is not hindu...............they r animist and do phalic worship ......lack of right information in blogs makes people confined to misconception..........book regardings oraon is nt same s what oraon originally are.............no motion relared to this reveals lack of leaders in dis aspect.....like kartik oraon......

jyoti kujur

Topon Tigga September 7, 2013 at 2:35 AM  

few months ago i went to a village in Bangladesh. There, Oraon (Kurkh)peoples belived that Oraon's people who are changed their religion are not Oraon (Kurkh). I was totally shocked. I tried to explain to them, but still now they are in their own way...........

RICHARD TIRKEY December 12, 2013 at 12:35 AM  

well somebody needs to really take interest about the aboriginals of this land that is THE ADIVASIS. the mainstream India still does not have a proper knowledge about us i.e. Oraons, mundas, santhals , etc.... untill and unless our own people do not take interest in themselves nobody is going to have proper knowledge about us. a detailed work is supposed to be done about each tribe by our own scholars, this is because our culture, rituals, beliefs and tradition cannot be understood by others. The right knowedledge about us to others is our own responsibility otherwise anybody and everybody will depict us according to his or her suitabilaty and liking.

karthik karthiksai July 1, 2014 at 2:36 AM  

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This book is really a good book which shows us right path. but i read
one more book named "ONE BOOK FOR LIFE SUCCESS" which is truly
motivational and life changing . .The writer has described in Plain
English with lot of examples which is easy to understand...For More
Please watch the videohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=biORjS8ngv0
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A truly motivational and life changing book
me: A truly motivational and life changing book
This book is really a good book which shows us right path. but i read
one more book named "ONE BOOK FOR LIFE SUCCESS" which is truly
motivational and life changing . .The writer has described in Plain
English with lot of examples which is easy to understand...For More
Please watch the videohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=biORjS8ngv0
YouTube video

A truly motivational and life changing book

James Toppo,  July 24, 2014 at 12:24 AM  

Hi I was going through there are spelling mistakes of the titles.
Wrong VS Correct
Tirki - Tirkey
kuzur - Kujur
khalkho - Xalxo
would request you all to learn kurukh, I know very well Kurukh speaking but not writing.

Sarabjeet Singh November 18, 2014 at 10:40 PM  

i have many Oraon friends, but none of them could tell me about the ritual sacrifice practices that prevailed long back. A ritual axe-Balua, was used by Oraons and other adjoining tribes. Please if anyone knows about the Balua, please share the views.

Thanks in advance

Anonymous,  November 21, 2016 at 4:12 AM  

nice blog.very informative

ABHINEET BHAGAT,  December 29, 2016 at 10:20 AM  

they still believe in following age old custom of human sacrifice ? dude what? who is this stupid blogger writer ?WE are not cannibals ?? moron !!! I am gonna report this blog for misleading information and this article needs lots of correction .

arman,  June 9, 2017 at 1:45 AM  

lovely to know about the oraons

Kartika Chandra Mishra September 5, 2017 at 4:31 AM  
This comment has been removed by the author.
anjali lakra September 22, 2017 at 8:58 PM  
This comment has been removed by the author.
Anonymous,  April 11, 2018 at 4:40 AM  

I am a Goan Catholic, married to a Girl surname with Kujur, she is orphan and have no
records of birth place, birth certificate, mother/fathers name unknown, she is well
mannered, and hard working, I like to visit the place where the people originate from.

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